Latin America is a region that has been both cursed and blessed by natural resource abundance. Competition over control and management of natural resources has shaped the political history of the subcontinent. Most recently, commodity price hikes have reverberated the debate of trade-offs between economic development, environmental protection and political stability. What kinds of conflicts related to natural resources do we see in the region today? Angelika Rettberg from Universidad de los Andes in Colombia and currently a visiting researcher at the German Institute of Area Studies (GIGA), gives a brief introduction.